May 2, 2016

SBA Communications Corporation Reports 1st Quarter 2016 Results; Provides 2nd Quarter and Updated Full Year 2016 Outlook

BOCA RATON, Fla., May 02, 2016 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- SBA Communications Corporation (Nasdaq:SBAC) ("SBA" or the "Company") today reported results for the quarter ended March 31, 2016. Highlights of the results include:

  • Steady growth of AFFO per share on a constant currency basis
  • Adjusted EBITDA Margin exceeds 70%
  • Continued stock repurchases
  • Purchased or built 188 new communications sites

"We had a strong first quarter, exceeding the high end of our guidance on many financial metrics," commented Jeffrey A. Stoops, President and Chief Executive Officer. "Customer activity was steady, and consistent with levels of activity we experienced the last two quarters. In the U.S., customer activity was primarily work on existing cell sites, while in our international markets the activity was more balanced between new cell sites and existing cell sites. Once again, we executed very well operationally in the quarter, and we continue to post the highest margins in our industry. We deployed a mix of capital in the quarter, investing in new tower builds, acquisitions, land purchases and stock repurchases and meeting our goal of keeping our balance sheet fully utilized. We intend to stay opportunistic around capital allocation and expect to continue to pursue a mix of investments as we seek to maximize both near-term and long-term growth in AFFO per share."

Operating Results

Total revenues in the first quarter of 2016 were $399.8 million compared to $410.1 million in the year earlier period, a decrease of 2.5%. Site leasing revenue of $374.5 million increased 1.3% over the year earlier period. Domestic cash site leasing revenue was $311.2 million in the first quarter of 2016 compared to $298.4 million in the year earlier period, an increase of 4.3%. International cash site leasing revenue was $54.5 million in the first quarter of 2016 compared to $57.0 million in the year earlier period, a decrease of 4.5%. Eliminating the impact of changes in foreign currency exchange rates, total site leasing revenue and international cash site leasing revenue would have increased 5.2% and 18.5%, respectively, over the year earlier period. Site development revenues were $25.3 million in the first quarter of 2016 compared to $40.4 million in the year earlier period, a decrease of 37.3%.

Site leasing Segment Operating Profit was $291.7 million, an increase of 0.8% over the year earlier period. Site leasing contributed 98.2% of the Company's total Segment Operating Profit in the first quarter of 2016. Domestic site leasing Segment Operating Profit was $250.8 million, an increase of 2.7% over the year earlier period. International site leasing Segment Operating Profit was $40.9 million, a decrease of 9.5% when compared to the year earlier period. Eliminating the impact of changes in foreign currency exchange rates, total site leasing Segment Operating Profit and international site leasing Segment Operating Profit would have increased 4.0% and 11.4%, respectively, over the year earlier period. Site development Segment Operating Profit Margin was 21.7% in the first quarter of 2016 compared to 23.5% in the year earlier period.

Tower Cash Flow for the first quarter of 2016 was $291.3 million, a 2.6% increase over the year earlier period. Tower Cash Flow Margin for the first quarter of 2016 was 79.7% compared to 79.9% in the year earlier period. Domestic Tower Cash Flow for the first quarter of 2016 was $254.3 million compared to $244.6 million in the year earlier period, an increase of 4.0%. International Tower Cash Flow for the first quarter of 2016 was $37.0 million compared to $39.4 million in the year earlier period, a decrease of 6.1%. Eliminating the impact of changes in foreign currency exchange rates, total Tower Cash Flow and International Tower Cash Flow would have increased 5.5% and 14.8%, respectively, over the year earlier period.

Net income for the first quarter of 2016 was $53.6 million or $0.43 per share compared to a net loss of $79.0 million or $(0.61) per share in the year earlier period. Net income for the first quarter of 2016 included a $44.8 million gain on the currency related remeasurement of a U.S. dollar denominated intercompany loan with a Brazilian subsidiary.

Adjusted EBITDA in the first quarter of 2016 was $274.7 million compared to $271.0 million in the year earlier period, an increase of 1.3%. Eliminating the impact of changes in foreign currency exchange rates, Adjusted EBITDA would have increased 4.2% over the year earlier period. Adjusted EBITDA Margin was 70.3% in the first quarter of 2016 compared to 68.5% in the year earlier period.

Net Cash Interest Expense was $81.9 million in the first quarter of 2016 compared to $77.4 million in the year earlier period. 

AFFO decreased 1.2% to $182.4 million in the first quarter of 2016 compared to $184.6 million in the year earlier period. Eliminating the impact of changes in foreign currency exchange rates, AFFO would have increased 3.4% over the year earlier period. AFFO per share increased 2.8% to $1.45 in the first quarter of 2016 compared to $1.41 in the year earlier period. Eliminating the impact of changes in foreign currency exchange rates, AFFO per share would have increased 7.1% over the year earlier period. Excluding the impact of both iDen-specific churn and changes in foreign currency exchange rates, AFFO per share would have increased 12.1% over the year earlier period.

Investing Activities

During the first quarter of 2016, SBA purchased 117 communication sites for $75.3 million in cash. SBA also built 71 towers during the first quarter of 2016.  As of March 31, 2016, SBA owned or operated 25,588 communication sites, 15,840 of which are located in the United States and its territories, and 9,748 of which are located internationally. In addition, the Company spent $14.7 million to purchase land and easements and to extend lease terms. Total cash capital expenditures for the first quarter of 2016 were $127.9 million, consisting of $7.8 million of non-discretionary cash capital expenditures (tower maintenance and general corporate) and $120.1 million of discretionary cash capital expenditures (new tower builds, tower augmentations, acquisitions, and purchasing land and easements).

Subsequent to the first quarter of 2016, the Company acquired 31 communication sites for an aggregate consideration of $32.5 million in cash. In addition, the Company has agreed to purchase in the U.S. and internationally 55 communication sites for an aggregate amount of $21.9 million. The Company anticipates that most of these acquisitions will be consummated by the end of the third quarter of 2016.

Financing Activities and Liquidity

SBA ended the first quarter with $8.6 billion of total debt, $129.1 million of cash and cash equivalents, short-term restricted cash, and short-term investments, and $8.4 billion of Net Debt.  SBA's Net Debt and Net Secured Debt to Annualized Adjusted EBITDA Leverage Ratios were 7.7x and 5.8x, respectively. At quarter end, SBA had $20.0 million of borrowings outstanding under its $1.0 billion Revolving Credit Facility.

During the first quarter of 2016, the Company repurchased 0.5 million shares of its Class A common stock for $50.0 million, at an average price per share of $98.65. As of the date of this filing, the Company had a remaining authorization to repurchase $650.0 million of Class A common stock under its current $1.0 billion stock repurchase program.

Outlook

The Company is providing its second quarter 2016 Outlook and updating its full year 2016 Outlook for anticipated results. The Outlook provided is based on a number of assumptions that the Company believes are reasonable at the time of this press release.  Information regarding potential risks that could cause the actual results to differ from these forward-looking statements is set forth below and in the Company's filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

The Company's second quarter 2016 Outlook and full year 2016 Outlook assume approximately $8.5 million and $32.0 million, respectively, of non-cash straight-line leasing revenue. The second quarter 2016 Outlook and updated full year 2016 Outlook assume the acquisitions of only those communication sites under contract at the time of this press release.  The Company intends to spend additional capital in 2016 on acquiring revenue producing assets not yet identified or under contract, the impact of which is not reflected in the 2016 guidance. The Company's full year 2016 Outlook includes new tower builds in the U.S. and internationally of 530 to 550 towers. The Outlook does not contemplate any new financings or any additional repurchases of the Company's stock during 2016 other than those repurchases completed as of the date of this press release.

The Company's updated Outlook assumes an average foreign currency exchange rate of 3.75 and 3.90 Brazilian Reais to 1.0 U.S. Dollar and 1.30 and 1.32 Canadian Dollars to 1.0 U.S. Dollar for the second quarter of 2016 and for the updated full year 2016 Outlook, respectively. When compared to the Company's full year 2016 Outlook provided February 25, 2016, the variances in the actual first quarter foreign currency exchange rates versus the Company's assumptions, and the changes in the Company's foreign currency rate assumptions for the remainder of the year positively impacted the full year 2016 Outlook by approximately $13 million for Site Leasing Revenue, $8 million for Tower Cash Flow, $7 million for Adjusted EBITDA, and $8 million for AFFO.

 Quarter ending  Full
 June 30, 2016 Year 2016
            
 ($'s in millions)
Site leasing revenue (1)$373.5to$378.5 $1,508.0to$1,523.0
Site development revenue$22.5to$27.5 $100.0to$120.0
Total revenues$396.0to$406.0 $1,608.0 to$1,643.0
Tower Cash Flow$290.0to$295.0 $1,174.0to$1,189.0
Adjusted EBITDA$271.5to$276.5 $1,107.0to$1,122.0
Net cash interest expense (2)$80.5to$82.5 $321.0to$331.0
Non-discretionary cash capital expenditures (3)$8.5to$9.5 $30.0to$40.0
AFFO$176.5to$185.5 $726.0to$765.0
Discretionary cash capital expenditures (4)$ 85.0to$95.0 $255.0to$275.0
             
(1)  The Company's Outlook for site leasing revenue includes revenue associated with pass through reimbursable expenses.
(2)  Net cash interest expense is defined as interest expense less interest income. Net cash interest expense does not include amortization of deferred financing fees or non-cash interest expense.
(3)  Consists of tower maintenance and general corporate capital expenditures.
(4)  Consists of new tower builds, tower augmentations, communication site acquisitions and ground lease purchases. Excludes expenditures for revenue producing assets not under contract at the date of this press release.
            

Conference Call Information

SBA Communications Corporation will host a conference call on Monday, May 2, 2016 at 5:00 PM (EDT) to discuss the quarterly results. The call may be accessed as follows:

When:  Monday, May 2, 2016 at 5:00 PM (EDT)
Dial-in Number:  (800) 230-1093
Conference Name:  SBA first quarter results
Replay Available:  Monday, May 2, 2016 at 8:00 PM (EDT) through May 16, 2016 at 11:59 PM (EDT)
Replay Number:  (800) 475-6701
Access Code:  389995
Internet Access: www.sbasite.com 
   

Information Concerning Forward-Looking Statements

This press release includes forward-looking statements, including statements regarding the Company's expectations or beliefs regarding (i) the Company's goal with respect to balance sheet utilization, (ii) the Company's approach with respect to capital allocation and its pursuit of a mix of investments to maximize near-term and long-term growth in AFFO per share, (iii) the Company's stock repurchase program and the impact of stock repurchases, (iv) the impact of portfolio growth and stock repurchases on AFFO per share, (v) the Company's financial and operational guidance for the second quarter of 2016 and full year 2016, and the ability to improve upon its full year 2016 Outlook, (vi) timing of closing for currently pending acquisitions, (vii) spending additional capital in 2016 on acquiring revenue producing assets not yet identified or under contract, (viii) Canada and Brazil's foreign exchange rates and their impact on the Company's financial and operational guidance, and (ix) the impact associated with iDen and non-iDen churn. These forward-looking statements may be affected by the risks and uncertainties in the Company's business. This information is qualified in its entirety by cautionary statements and risk factor disclosures contained in the Company's Securities and Exchange Commission filings, including the Company's annual report on Form 10-K filed with the Commission on February 26, 2016.

The Company wishes to caution readers that certain important factors may have affected and could in the future affect the Company's actual results and could cause the Company's actual results for subsequent periods to differ materially from those expressed in any forward-looking statement made by or on behalf of the Company. With respect to the Company's expectations regarding all of these statements, including its financial and operational guidance, such risk factors include, but are not limited to: (1) the ability and willingness of wireless service providers to maintain or increase their capital expenditures; (2) the Company's ability to identify and acquire sites at prices and upon terms that will allow the portfolio growth to be accretive; (3) the Company's ability to accurately identify any risks associated with its acquired sites, to effectively integrate such sites into its business and to achieve the anticipated financial results; (4) the Company's ability to secure and retain as many site leasing tenants as planned at anticipated lease rates; (5) the impact of continued consolidation among wireless service providers on the Company's leasing revenue; (6) the Company's ability to successfully manage the risks associated with international operations, including risks associated with foreign currency exchange rates; (7) the Company's ability to secure and deliver anticipated services business at contemplated margins; (8) the Company's ability to maintain expenses and cash capital expenditures at appropriate levels for its business while seeking to attain its investment goals; (9) the Company's ability to acquire land underneath towers on terms that are accretive; (10) the Company's ability to realize economies of scale from its tower portfolio; (11) the economic climate for the wireless communications industry in general and the wireless communications infrastructure providers in particular in the United States, Brazil, and internationally; (12) the continued dependence on towers and outsourced site development services by the wireless carriers; (13) the Company's ability to protect its rights to land under its towers; and (14) the Company's ability to obtain future financing at commercially reasonable rates or at all. With respect to the Company's plan for new builds, these factors also include zoning and regulatory approvals, weather, availability of labor and supplies and other factors beyond the Company's control that could affect the Company's ability to build 530 to 550 towers in 2016. With respect to its expectations regarding the ability to close pending acquisitions, these factors also include satisfactorily completing due diligence, the amount and quality of due diligence that the Company is able to complete prior to closing of any acquisition and its ability to accurately anticipate the future performance of the acquired towers, the ability to receive required regulatory approval, the ability and willingness of each party to fulfill their respective closing conditions and their contractual obligations and the availability of cash on hand or borrowing capacity under the Revolving Credit Facility to fund the consideration. With respect to repurchases under the Company's stock repurchase program, the amount of shares repurchased, if any, and the timing of such repurchases will depend on, among other things, the trading price of the Company's common stock, which may be positively or negatively impacted by the repurchase program, market and business conditions, the availability of stock, the Company's financial performance or determinations following the date of this announcement in order to use the Company's funds for other purposes.

This press release contains non-GAAP financial measures. Reconciliation of each of these non-GAAP financial measures and the other Regulation G information is presented below under "Non-GAAP Financial Measures."

This press release will be available on our website at www.sbasite.com.

About SBA Communications Corporation

SBA Communications Corporation is a first choice provider and leading owner and operator of wireless communications infrastructure in North, Central, and South America. By "Building Better Wireless," SBA generates revenue from two primary businesses - site leasing and site development services. The primary focus of the Company is the leasing of antenna space on its multi-tenant communication sites to a variety of wireless service providers under long-term lease contracts. For more information please visit: www.sbasite.com.  

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS 
(unaudited) (in thousands, except per share amounts) 
       
  For the three months
  ended March 31,
  2016 2015
Revenues:    
Site leasing $ 374,450  $ 369,727 
Site development   25,319    40,367 
Total revenues    399,769    410,094 
Operating expenses:      
Cost of revenues (exclusive of depreciation, accretion,      
and amortization shown below):      
Cost of site leasing   82,762    80,217 
Cost of site development   19,833     30,893 
Selling, general, and administrative (1)   30,406    29,884 
Acquisition related adjustments and expenses   3,182    1,339 
Asset impairment and decommission costs   6,183    6,822 
Depreciation, accretion, and amortization   159,801    171,853 
Total operating expenses    302,167    321,008 
Operating income   97,602    89,086 
Other income (expense):      
Interest income   1,866    293 
Interest expense   (83,804)   (77,654)
Non-cash interest expense   (455)   (280)
Amortization of deferred financing fees   (5,265)   (4,544)
Other income (expense), net   45,900    (82,968)
Total other expense   (41,758)   (165,153)
Income (loss) before provision for income taxes   55,844    (76,067)
Provision for income taxes   (2,205)   (2,963)
Net income (loss) $ 53,639  $ (79,030)
Net income (loss) per common share      
Basic $ 0.43  $  (0.61)
Diluted $ 0.43  $  (0.61)
Weighted average number of common shares      
Basic   125,398    129,235 
Diluted   126,124    129,235 
           
(1)  Includes non-cash compensation of $7,686 and $6,884 for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.
           


CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except par values)
       
  March 31, December 31,
  2016 2015
ASSETS (unaudited)   
Current assets:       
Cash and cash equivalents $ 103,266  $ 118,039 
Restricted cash   25,138    25,353 
Short-term investments   708     706 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $2,235 and $1,681      
at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively   87,580    83,326 
Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts   12,683    16,934 
Prepaid and other current assets   53,177    49,602 
Total current assets   282,552     293,960 
Property and equipment, net   2,802,662     2,782,353 
Intangible assets, net   3,764,036    3,735,413  
Other assets (1)   522,394    501,254 
Total assets $ 7,371,644   $ 7,312,980 
       
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' DEFICIT      
Current Liabilities:      
Accounts payable $ 20,716  $ 27,105  
Accrued expenses   56,657    63,755 
Current maturities of long-term debt   20,000    20,000 
Deferred revenue   87,283    97,083 
Accrued interest   38,813    53,365 
Other current liabilities   9,600    12,063 
Total current liabilities   233,069    273,371 
Long-term liabilities:      
Long-term debt, net (1)   8,452,270    8,432,070 
Other long-term liabilities   316,865    313,683 
Total long-term liabilities   8,769,135    8,745,753 
       
Shareholders' deficit:      
Preferred stock - par value $.01, 30,000 shares authorized, no shares issued      
or outstanding        
Common stock - Class A, par value $.01, 400,000 shares authorized, 125,512 and      
125,743 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2016 and       
December 31, 2015, respectively   1,255    1,257 
Additional paid-in capital   1,973,974    1,962,713 
Accumulated deficit   (3,164,437)   (3,168,069)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss   (441,352)   (502,045)
Total shareholders' deficit   (1,630,560)   (1,706,144)
Total liabilities and shareholders' deficit $ 7,371,644  $ 7,312,980 
           
(1)  During the first quarter of 2016, the Company adopted an accounting standard update on the presentation of debt issuance costs. The new guidance requires debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability to be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of the debt liability on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. The December 31, 2015 condensed consolidated balance sheet was retrospectively adjusted to reflect this change.
           


CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS
 (unaudited) (in thousands) 
   
  For the three months
  ended March 31,
  2016 2015
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:      
Net income (loss) $ 53,639  $ (79,030)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating      
activities:      
Depreciation, accretion, and amortization    159,801    171,853 
Non-cash interest expense    455    280 
Deferred income tax (benefit) expense   (264)   557 
Non-cash asset impairment and decommission costs   4,196    5,027 
Non-cash compensation expense   7,785    6,988 
Amortization of deferred financing fees   5,265    4,544 
(Gain) loss on remeasurement of U.S. dollar denominated intercompany loan   (44,765)   83,995 
Other non-cash items reflected in the Statements of Operations   (309)   (1,531)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions:       
Accounts receivable and costs and estimated earnings in excess of      
billings on uncompleted contracts, net   90    4,445 
Prepaid and other assets   (12,036)   (6,286)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses   (8,277)   3,834 
Accrued interest   (14,552)   (15,212)
Other liabilities   (6,151)   (1,056)
Net cash provided by operating activities   144,877    178,408 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:       
Acquisitions   (91,845)   (53,279)
Capital expenditures   (36,060)   (68,100)
Other investing activities   (4,447)   (175)
Net cash used in investing activities   (132,352)   (121,554)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:      
Net borrowings (repayments) under Revolving Credit Facility   20,000    110,000 
Repayment of Term Loans   (5,000)   (7,500)
Payments for settlement of common stock warrants       (135,236)
Repurchase and retirement of common stock, inclusive of fees   (50,012)    
Other financing activities   1,689    1,207 
Net cash used in financing activities   (33,323)   (31,529)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents   6,025    (2,397)
       
NET (DECREASE) INCREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS   (14,773)   22,928 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS:      
Beginning of period   118,039    39,443 
End of period $ 103,266  $ 62,371 
           
           

Selected Capital Expenditure Detail

  For the three months
  ended March 31,
  2016 2015
       
  (in thousands)
New tower build construction $18,944 $31,037
Tower upgrades/augmentations  9,292  22,232
Refurbishment of headquarters building    7,455
Non-discretionary capital expenditures:      
Maintenance/improvement capital expenditures  6,662  6,421
General corporate expenditures  1,162  955
Total non-discretionary capital expenditures  7,824  7,376
Total capital expenditures  $36,060 $68,100
       
       

Communication Site Portfolio Summary

  Domestic International Total
       
       
Sites owned at December 31, 2015  15,778  9,687   25,465 
Sites acquired during the first quarter  117    117 
Sites built during the first quarter  10  61  71 
Sites reclassified/decommissioned during the first quarter  (65)   (65)
Sites owned at March 31, 2016  15,840   9,748  25,588 
           
           

Segment Operating Profit and Segment Operating Profit Margin

The reconciliation of Site Leasing Segment Operating Profit and Site Development Segment Operating Profit and the calculation of Segment Operating Profit Margin are as follows:

  Domestic Site Leasing Int'l Site Leasing Total Site Leasing
  For the three months For the three months For the three months
  ended March 31, ended March 31, ended March 31,
  2016 2015 2016 2015 2016 2015
   (in thousands)
                    
Segment revenue $ 315,230   $ 305,950  $ 59,220  $ 63,777  $ 374,450  $ 369,727 
Segment cost of revenues (excluding                   
depreciation,  accretion, and                   
amortization)   (64,475)   (61,686)   (18,287)   (18,531)   (82,762)    (80,217)
Segment operating profit $ 250,755  $ 244,264  $ 40,933   $ 45,246  $ 291,688  $ 289,510 
                   
Segment operating profit margin   79.5%   79.8%   69.1%   70.9%   77.9%   78.3%
                                


              Site Development
              For the three months
               ended March 31,
               2016 2015
              (in thousands)
                    
Segment revenue             $ 25,319  $ 40,367 
Segment cost of revenues (excluding                  
depreciation,  accretion, and                  
amortization)                (19,833)   (30,893)
Segment operating profit             $ 5,486  $ 9,474 
                   
Segment operating profit margin               21.7%   23.5%
                       

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

The press release contains non-GAAP financial measures including (i) Cash Site Leasing Revenue; (ii) Tower Cash Flow and Tower Cash Flow Margin; (iii) Adjusted EBITDA, Annualized Adjusted EBITDA, and Adjusted EBITDA Margin; (iv) Net Debt, Net Secured Debt, Leverage Ratio, and Secured Leverage Ratio (collectively, our "Non-GAAP Debt Measures"); (v) Funds from Operations ("FFO"), Adjusted Funds from Operations ("AFFO"), and AFFO per share; and (vi) certain financial metrics after eliminating the impact of changes in foreign currency exchange rates (collectively, our "Constant Currency Measures") and the impact of iDen-related churn.
           
We have included these non-GAAP financial measures because we believe that they provide investors additional tools in understanding our financial performance and condition.  Specifically, we believe that:

(1) Cash Site Leasing Revenue and Tower Cash Flow are indicators of the performance of our site leasing operations;
(2) Adjusted EBITDA, FFO, AFFO, and AFFO per share are useful indicators of the financial performance of our core businesses;
(3) Our Non-GAAP Debt Measures provide investors a more complete understanding of our net debt and leverage position as they include the full principal amount of our debt which will be due at maturity;
(4) Our Constant Currency Measures provide management and investors the ability to evaluate the performance of the business without the impact of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations; and
(5) Excluding the impact of iDen-related churn provides management and investors a better understanding of our core growth rate.

In addition, Tower Cash Flow, Adjusted EBITDA, and our Non-GAAP Debt Measures are components of the calculations used by our lenders to determine compliance with certain covenants under our Senior Credit Agreement and indentures relating to our 5.625% Notes, 5.75% Notes, and 4.875% Notes.  These non-GAAP financial measures are not intended to be an alternative to any of the financial measures provided in our results of operations or our balance sheet as determined in accordance with GAAP. 

We believe that FFO, AFFO, and AFFO per share, which are also being used by American Tower Corporation and Crown Castle International (our two public company peers in the communication site industry), provide investors useful indicators of the financial performance of our core business and permit investors an additional tool to evaluate the performance of our business against those of our two principal competitors.  FFO, AFFO and AFFO per share are not necessarily indicative of the operating results that would have been achieved had we converted to a REIT.  In addition, our FFO, AFFO, and AFFO per share may not be comparable to those reported in accordance with National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts or by the other communication site companies as the calculation of these non-GAAP measures requires us to estimate the impact had we converted to a REIT, including estimates of the tax provision adjustment to reflect our estimate of our cash taxes had we been a REIT.

Financial Metrics after Eliminating the Impact of Changes In Foreign Currency Exchange Rates and the Impact of 2015 iDen-related Churn

We eliminate the impact of changes in foreign currency exchange rates for each of the following financial metrics by dividing the current period's financial results by the average monthly exchange rates of the prior year period.  The table below provides the reconciliation of the reported growth rate year-over-year of each of the following measures to the growth rate after eliminating the impact of changes in foreign currency exchange rates to such measure: (1) total site leasing revenue and international cash site leasing revenue, (2) total site leasing segment operating profit and international site leasing segment operating profit, (3) total Tower Cash Flow and international Tower Cash Flow, (4) Adjusted EBITDA, and (5) AFFO and AFFO per share. The table also provides the reconciliation of the reported year-over-year growth rates of these measures to the growth rates after eliminating the impact of iDen-related lease terminations that occurred during 2015.

  First quarter   Growth    Growth excluding
  2016 year Foreign excluding   foreign
  over year currency foreign iDen churn currency and iDen
  growth rate impact currency impact impact churn impact
           
Total site leasing revenue  1.3%  (3.9%)  5.2%  (2.4%)  7.6%
Total cash site leasing revenue  2.8%  (3.7%)  6.5%  (2.4%)  8.9%
Int'l cash site leasing revenue  (4.5%)  (23.0%)  18.5% --  18.5%
Total site leasing segment operating profit  0.8%  (3.2%)  4.0%  (3.0%)  7.0%
Int'l site leasing segment operating profit  (9.5%)  (20.9%)  11.4% --  11.4%
Total site leasing tower cash flow  2.6%  (2.9%)  5.5%  (3.1%)  8.6%
Int'l site leasing tower cash flow  (6.1%)  (20.9%)  14.8% --  14.8%
Adjusted EBITDA  1.3%  (2.9%)  4.2%  (3.2%)  7.4%
AFFO  (1.2%)  (4.6%)  3.4%  (4.7%)  8.1%
AFFO per share  2.8%  (4.3%)  7.1%  (5.0%)  12.1%
                     
                      

Cash Site Leasing Revenue, Tower Cash Flow, and Tower Cash Flow Margin

The tables below set forth the reconciliation of Cash Site Leasing Revenue and Tower Cash Flow to their most comparable GAAP measurement and Tower Cash Flow Margin, which is calculated by dividing Tower Cash Flow by Cash Site Leasing Revenue. Tower Cash Flow for each of the periods set forth in the Outlook section above will be calculated in the same manner.

  Domestic Site Leasing Int'l Site Leasing Total Site Leasing
  For the three months For the three months For the three months
  ended March 31, ended March 31, ended March 31,
  2016 2015 2016 2015 2016 2015
  (in thousands)
Site leasing revenue $ 315,230  $ 305,950  $ 59,220  $ 63,777  $ 374,450  $ 369,727 
Non-cash straight-line leasing revenue   (4,079)   (7,503)   (4,768)   (6,738)    (8,847)   (14,241)
Cash site leasing revenue   311,151    298,447    54,452    57,039    365,603    355,486 
Site leasing cost of revenues (excluding                  
depreciation, accretion, and amortization)   (64,475)   (61,686)   (18,287)   (18,531)   (82,762)   (80,217)
Non-cash straight-line ground lease expense   7,624    7,795    870    921    8,494    8,716 
Tower Cash Flow  $ 254,300  $ 244,556  $ 37,035  $  39,429  $ 291,335  $ 283,985 
Tower Cash Flow Margin   81.7%    81.9%   68.0%    69.1%   79.7%   79.9%
                                
                               

Adjusted EBITDA, Annualized Adjusted EBITDA, and Adjusted EBITDA Margin

The table below sets forth the reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to its most comparable GAAP measurement.  Adjusted EBITDA for each of the periods set forth in the Outlook section above will be calculated in the same manner: 

     For the three months
     ended March 31,
     2016 2015
     (in thousands)
Net income (loss)    $ 53,639  $ (79,030)
Non-cash straight-line leasing revenue      (8,847)   (14,241)
Non-cash straight-line ground lease expense       8,494    8,716 
Non-cash compensation      7,785    6,988 
Other (income) expense      (45,900)   82,968 
Acquisition related adjustments and expenses      3,182    1,339 
Asset impairment and decommission costs      6,183     6,822 
Interest income      (1,866)    (293)
Total interest expense (1)      89,524    82,478 
Depreciation, accretion, and amortization      159,801    171,853 
Provision for taxes (2)      2,660    3,420 
Adjusted EBITDA    $ 274,655  $ 271,020 
Annualized Adjusted EBITDA (3)    $ 1,098,620  $ 1,084,080 
              
(1)  Total interest expense includes interest expense, non-cash interest expense, and amortization of deferred financing fees.
(2)  For the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, these amounts included $455 and $457, respectively, of franchise and gross receipts taxes reflected in the Statements of Operations in selling, general and administrative expenses.
(3)  Annualized Adjusted EBITDA is calculated as Adjusted EBITDA for the most recent quarter multiplied by four.
              
               

The calculation of Adjusted EBITDA Margin is as follows:

      For the three months
     ended March 31,
     2016 2015
     (in thousands)
Total revenues    $ 399,769  $ 410,094 
Non-cash straight-line leasing revenue      (8,847)   (14,241)
Total revenues minus non-cash straight-line leasing revenue    $ 390,922  $ 395,853 
Adjusted EBITDA    $ 274,655   $ 271,020 
Adjusted EBITDA Margin      70.3%   68.5%
              
              

Funds from Operations ("FFO") and Adjusted Funds from Operations ("AFFO")

The tables below set forth the reconciliations of FFO and AFFO to their most comparable GAAP measurement. AFFO for each of the periods set forth in the Outlook section above will be calculated in the same manner:

      For the three months
     ended March 31,
     2016  2015
     (in thousands)
Net income (loss)    $ 53,639  $ (79,030)
Adjusted tax provision (1)      117    1,706 
Real estate related depreciation, amortization, and accretion      158,335    170,251 
FFO    $ 212,091  $ 92,927 
           
Adjustments to FFO:         
Non-cash straight-line leasing revenue      (8,847)   (14,241)
Non-cash straight-line ground lease expense      8,494    8,716 
Non-cash compensation      7,785    6,988 
Non-real estate related depreciation, amortization, and accretion      1,466    1,602 
Amortization of deferred financing costs and debt discounts      5,720    4,824 
Other (income) expense      (45,900)   82,968 
Acquisition related adjustments and expenses      3,182    1,339 
Asset impairment and decommission costs      6,183    6,822 
Non-discretionary cash capital expenditures      (7,824)   (7,376)
AFFO    $ 182,350  $ 184,569 
          
Weighted average number of common shares (2)      126,124    130,525 
          
AFFO per share    $ 1.45  $ 1.41 
               
(1)  Adjusts the income tax provision during the period, to reflect our estimate of cash income taxes (primarily foreign taxes) that would have been payable had we been a REIT.
(2)  For purposes of the AFFO per share calculation, the basic weighted average number of common shares has been adjusted to include the dilutive effect of stock options and restricted stock units.
              
              

Net Debt, Net Secured Debt, Leverage Ratio, and Secured Leverage Ratio

Net Debt is calculated using the notional principal amount of outstanding debt. Under GAAP policies, the notional principal amount of the Company's outstanding debt is not necessarily reflected on the face of the Company's financial statements.

The Net Debt and Leverage calculations are as follows:

           March 31,
          2016
             
          (in thousands)
2010-2C Tower Securities           $ 550,000 
2012-1C Tower Securities            610,000 
2013-1C Tower Securities            425,000 
2013-2C Tower Securities            575,000 
2013-1D Tower Securities            330,000 
2014-1C Tower Securities            920,000 
2014-2C Tower Securities            620,000 
2015-1C Tower Securities            500,000 
Revolving Credit Facility            20,000 
2014 Term Loan B (carrying value of $1,461,581)            1,473,750 
2015 Term Loan B (carrying value of $487,180)            496,250 
Total secured debt            6,520,000 
             
5.625% 2019 Senior Notes            500,000 
5.75% 2020 Senior Notes            800,000 
4.875% 2022 Senior Notes (carrying value of $735,497)            750,000 
Total unsecured debt            2,050,000 
Total debt          $ 8,570,000 
              
Leverage Ratio            
Total debt          $ 8,570,000 
Less: Cash and cash equivalents, short-term restricted cash             
and short-term investments             (129,112)
Net debt          $ 8,440,888 
             
Divided by: Annualized Adjusted EBITDA          $ 1,098,620 
             
Leverage Ratio           7.7x
             
Secured Leverage Ratio             
Total secured debt          $ 6,520,000 
Less: Cash and cash equivalents, short-term restricted cash            
and short-term investments            (129,112)
Net Secured Debt          $ 6,390,888 
              
Divided by: Annualized Adjusted EBITDA          $ 1,098,620 
             
Secured Leverage Ratio           5.8x
             
Contacts



Mark DeRussy, CFA

Capital Markets

561-226-9531



Lynne Hopkins

Media Relations

561-226-9431

Source: SBA Communications Corporation

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